15 Windows Command Prompt (CMD) Commands You Must Know

The Windows command prompt is a feature that has been a core part of the Windows operating system for a long time. Here are 15 Windows Command Prompt (CMD) Commands You Must Know .Microsoft has slowly brushed off CMD commands in the Windows user interface. This is not without factor; it is an old and also mainly unneeded device from an era of text-based input. However several commands continue to be helpful, as well as Windows 8 and 10 even included new attributes.

Below we present the crucial commands every Windows user needs to know.

In case you’re unsure just how to access the Windows command punctual, forgot standard Windows commands, or want to understand exactly how to see a listing of buttons for each and every command (aka timely codes), you can describe our beginners guide to the Windows command line for directions.

Prefer this tutorial in video kind? We have actually obtained you covered:

Windows Command Prompt Commands


Most documents in Windows are associated with a specific program that is appointed to open up the file by default. At times, bearing in mind these organizations can come to be complex. You can advise on your own by entering the command “assoc” to display a full listing of documents name extensions as well as program organizations.

You can also expand the command to transform data organizations. For instance, “assoc.txt=” will certainly change the data association for text files to whatever program you get in after the equal sign. The “Assoc” command itself will reveal both the expansion names as well as program names, which will aid you correctly use this command. You can most likely do this more conveniently in the GUI, but the command line user interface is a completely practical option.


Removing data on a mechanical disk drive doesn’t really erase them whatsoever. Rather, it notes the files as no longer easily accessible as well as the room they occupied as free. The data continue to be recoverable until the system overwrites them with brand-new data, which can spend some time.

The cipher command, nevertheless, cleans a directory by composing random information to it. To clean your C drive, for instance, you ‘d use the command “cipher/ w: c”, which will certainly clean free space on the drive. The command does not overwrite undeleted data, so you will not wipe out documents you require by running this command.

You can use a host of various other cipher commands, nevertheless, they are generally repetitive with BitLocker allowed variations of Windows.

  1. Driverquery.

Drivers continue to be among the most important software program mounted on a PC. Incorrectly configured or missing drivers can create all type of difficulty, so its excellent to have access to a checklist of what gets on your PC. That’s specifically what the “driverquery” command does. You can prolong it to “driverquery -v” to obtain more info, consisting of the directory site in which the motorist is mounted.

File Contrast.

You can utilize this command to determine differences in message between 2 files. It’s specifically useful for authors as well as programmers searching for small changes between 2 variations of a documents. Simply kind “fc” and after that the directory site course as well as data name of both documents you want to compare.

You can likewise extend the command in several ways. Keying “/ b” contrasts just binary output, “/ c” neglects the instance of message in the comparison, and “/ l” only contrasts ASCII text.


This command communicates the IP address that your computer is presently utilizing. Nonetheless, if you’re behind a router (like many computer systems today), you’ll instead obtain the neighborhood network address of the router.

Still, ipconfig is useful as a result of its expansions. “ipconfig/ release” complied with by “ipconfig/ restore” can compel your Windows COMPUTER right into requesting a brand-new IP address, which is useful if your computer system claims one isn’t available. You can additionally utilize “ipconfig/ flushdns” to rejuvenate your DNS address. These commands are excellent if the Windows network troubleshooter chokes, which does happen once in a while.


Entering the command “netstat -an” will give you with a list of currently open ports and also relevant IP addresses. This command will likewise inform you what state the port is in– listening, developed or closed.

This is an excellent command for when you’re attempting to repair devices linked to your COMPUTER or when you fear a Trojan infected your system as well as you’re attempting to find a harmful connection.


Sometimes, you require to recognize whether packets are making it to a particular networked device. That’s where ping can be found in convenient.

Keying in “ping” adhered to by an IP address or internet domain name will certainly send out a collection of examination packages to the defined address. If they show up and are returned, you understand the tool is capable of connecting with your COMPUTER; if it fails, you understand that there’s something obstructing communication between the device as well as your computer. This can aid you decide if the origin of the concern is an improper arrangement or a failing of network equipment.


This is an advanced version of ping that serves if there are several routers in between your PC and the gadget you’re checking. Like ping, you utilize this command by typing “pathping” adhered to by the IP address, but unlike ping, pathping also communicates some information concerning the course the test packets take.


The “tracert” command is similar to pathping. Once again, type “tracert” followed by the IP address or domain you ‘d like to trace. You’ll get information regarding each step in the route in between your PC as well as the target. Unlike pathping, however, tracert also tracks how much time (in milliseconds) each jump in between servers or tools takes.


Powercfg is a really effective command for managing and tracking just how your computer system utilizes power. You can utilize the command “powercfg hibernate on” and also “powercfg hibernate off” to manage hibernation, and also you can additionally make use of the command “powercfg/ a” to see the power-saving states currently readily available on your COMPUTER.

Another valuable command is “powercfg/ devicequery s1_supported”, which displays a listing of gadgets on your computer that assistance connected standby. When enabled, you can make use of these tools to bring your computer out of standby– even from another location. You can allow this by choosing the tool in Tool Manager, opening its homes, going to the Power Monitoring tab and after that inspecting the Allow this device to wake the computer system box.

” Powercfg/ lastwake” will certainly reveal you what device last woke your COMPUTER from a rest state. You can utilize this command to fix your PC if it appears to wake from rest randomly.

You can use the “powercfg/ power” command to build a detailed power intake record for your PC. The record conserves to the directory suggested after the command surfaces. This record will let you understand of any type of system faults that might enhance power intake, like gadgets obstructing particular rest modes, or badly set up to react to your power monitoring settings.

Windows 8 included “powercfg/ batteryreport”, which provides a detailed evaluation of battery usage, if suitable. Generally result to your Windows customer directory, the record supplies details concerning the time as well as length of fee as well as discharge cycles, lifetime typical battery life, and estimated battery capacity.


Windows 8 introduced the closure command that– you guessed it!– shuts down your computer.

This is, of course, redundant with the already conveniently accessed closure switch, but what’s not redundant is the “closure/ r/ o” command, which restarts your COMPUTER as well as introduces the Advanced Beginning Options menu, which is where you can access Safe Setting as well as Windows healing utilities. This is useful if you want to restart your computer for troubleshooting purposes.


This command will certainly provide you a thorough arrangement overview of your computer system. The listing covers your os as well as equipment. For example, you can seek out the initial Windows installation date, the last boot time, your BIOS variation, total and readily available memory, mounted hotfixes, network card arrangements, and also much more.

Use “systeminfo/ s” followed by the host name of a computer system on your local network, to from another location get hold of the details for that system. This might call for additional syntax elements for the domain, user name, and password, like this: “systeminfo/ s [host_name]/ u [domain name] \ [user_name]/ p [user_password].

System File Checker.

System File Mosaic is an automatic check as well as fix tool that concentrates on Windows system files.

You will need to run the command motivate with manager opportunities as well as get in the command “sfc/ scannow”. If SFC finds any kind of corrupt or absent files, it will immediately change them utilizing cached duplicates kept by Windows for this objective alone. The command can need a half-hour to operate on older notebooks.


You can utilize the “tasklist” command to provide a present checklist of all jobs running on your COMPUTER. Though rather repetitive with Task Supervisor, the command may in some cases discover tasks hidden from view because utility.

There’s additionally a vast array of modifiers. “Tasklist -svc” shows solutions connected to each task, usage “tasklist -v” to get even more detail on each task, as well as “tasklist -m” will locate.dll data related to energetic jobs. These commands work for innovative troubleshooting.


Tasks that appear in the “tasklist” command will have an executable as well as process ID (a four- or five-digit number) connected with them. You can force quit a program making use of “taskkill -im” followed by the executable’s name, or “taskkill -pid” adhered to by the procedure ID. Once again, this is a bit repetitive with Job Supervisor, however you can use it to eliminate otherwise unresponsive or concealed programs.

Command and Dominate Your Windows COMPUTER.

This article can just provide you a preference of what’s hidden within the Windows command line. When including all variables, there are essentially numerous commands. Download and install Microsoft’s command line recommendation overview (in Edge or Web Explorer) for innovative assistance as well as troubleshooting.

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